D'Alembert and Lyapunov Award Past Winners
The Technical Committee on Multibody Systems and Nonlinear Dynamics (MSND-TC) of the ASME Design Engineering Division solicits nominations for the D'Alembert Award and the Lyapunov Award. These awards are presented at the annual ASME International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics and Control, as part of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences.
The D'ALEMBERT AWARD is established to recognize lifelong contributions to the field of multibody system dynamics.
The LYAPUNOV AWARD is established to recognize lifelong contributions to the field of nonlinear dynamics.
2007 D'Alemberti Award: Werner Schiehlen
Werner Schiehlen is a Professor Emeritus of the University of Stuttgart where he worked for 25 years as Full Professor of Mechanics, Dean of Mechanical Engineering and Vice-President for Research. Since 2002 he serves as a Part-time Professor of Vehicle Dynamics at the University of Stuttgart. Prof. Schiehlen has published more than 300 scientific papers on multibody system dynamics, nonlinear dynamics, control theory and vibrations, mechatronics and vehicle engineering. His 6 books are partly translated in English, Chinese and Vietnamese language. Prof. Schiehlen is Editor-in-Chief of the international journal "Multibody System Dynamics" and associate editor for many more scientific journals. Prof. Schiehlen served as Secretary-General and President of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics.
Prof. Schiehlen received 1972 a fellowship as Research Associate with Marshall Space Flight Centre, Huntsville, Alabama. He was awarded 1991 Doctor honoris causa from the Technical University of Eindhoven, the Netherlands. In 1995 he served as a Miller Visiting Professor with the University of California, Berkeley. Prof. Schiehlen was elected 1997 as Foreign Fellow, Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE), New Dehli, India. In 2000 he was Charles E. Schmidt Distinguished Visiting Professor, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida. Since 2001 he is an Honorary Professor with the Nanjing University of Science and Technology, China. In 2004 Prof. Schiehlen was elected as Honorary Member of the European Mechanics Society (EUROMECH) and in 2005 as Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Prof. Schiehlen was the winner of the European Solid Mechanics Prize 2006 presented at the 6th European Solid Mechanics Conference, Budapest, Hungary.
MSNDC Plenary Lecture 1
Title: Recent Trends and Challenging Applications in Multibody System Dynamics
Wednesday, September 5, 2007, 9:00 – 10:30 AM, Amazon IJ
Abstract: The first part of the lecture presents trends in multibody dynamics evolved during the past decade. Multibody system dynamics is now acknowledged as an independent branch of theoretical, computational and applied mechanics around the globe. The research topics are discussed with respect to the subjects and countries dealing with multibody dynamics. Altogether seventeen topics and thirty-five countries are identified. The second part of the lecture reviews the state-of-the-art in modeling multibody systems with respect to the approaches and the principles used. The third part presents applications including vehicle models with rigid and flexible bodies, contact problems with computation of the coefficient of restitution which may be chaotic, the evaluation of the metabolical energy of walking humans and modeling of the human middle ear.
2007 Lyapunov Award: Francis C. Moon
The hallmark of Moon’s career has been the bridging of engineering mechanics with applied mathematics and applied physics through unique experiments. Nonlinear dynamics is a theme running through five of his books ranging from chaotic vibrations to superconducting levitation. He was one of the first to discover fractal structures in the dynamics of mechanical systems in the late 1970’ s. Moon’s laboratory gained world-wide recognition for its experimental work in nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory and culminated in two widely referenced books in chaos theory and experiment, one of which has been translated into Russian. [Chaotic Vibrations, 1987, 2004, Chaotic and Fractal Dynamics, 1992].
Another highly referenced area of research is magneto-mechanical dynamics especially related to fusion energy and superconducting levitation. Moon holds several patents in superconducting bearings. His early work in Mag-lev uncovered potential instabilities in levitated systems. In magnetic fusion engineering, experiments in the Moon Lab on superconducting structures in the late 1970's revealed magneto-elastic buckling instabilities in large magnet systems. These experiments were reproduced and the results verified in major fusion labs in Germany and Japan. Today several universities in China are carrying out research based on the problems defined in Moon’s books Magneto-solid Mechanics (1984), Superconducting Levitation, 1994. His lab also worked on smart structures and elastic-linked robots. Nearly two-dozen Ph.D students and many international visitors and researchers came through Moon’s laboratory at Cornell in the 25 years.
These activities have resulted in over 100 invited lectures in the past twenty years all over the world, including keynote and plenary addresses at scientific meetings in Germany (1994) Israel (1996), Brazil (1997), Canada (2005). In 1988 Francis Moon was chosen as a senior Humboldt Preistrager from Germany for his work on chaotic dynamics. This work was also featured in the 1989 NOVA show on Chaos. He was also invited to conduct short courses on chaos theory at the International Center for Mechanical Sciences (CISM) in Udine Italy. Short courses were also given at Argonne National Laboratory, NASA Langley, United Technologies Corp., University of Hannover, Germany (1995), The Brazil Association of Mechanical Engineers (1997), Technical University Vienna (1998). In 1995 Moon was appointed to a chaired professorship at Cornell and in 1996 elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
After finishing his Ph.D. at Cornell (1967) in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Moon taught for nearly eight years at Princeton before returning to Cornell in 1975. Early in his Cornell career he assumed the Head of the Department of Theoretical of Applied Mechanics (1980-1987) and later became the Director of the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell (1987-1992).
Francis Moon serves or has served on editorial boards of the journals, Royal S ociety of London -Philosophical Transactions, Chaos, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, Nonlinear Dynamics and the International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics in Materials and was associate editor for Journal of Applied Mechanics (1982-1987). He was also the President of the Society of Engineering Science as well as the American Academy of Mechanics (AAM, 2000). He is a Fellow of ASME as well as AAM.
Currently Moon is engaged in a Navy MURI research center on elastic waves and instabilities in electromagnetic launchers or rail-gun dynamics. In recent years his research has focused on spatio-temporal complexity in nonlinear mechanical systems, including fluid structure array dynamics and clock dynamics. Francis Moon is also curator of the famous Cornell Reuleaux Collection of 19th century kinematic models. His latest book The Machines of Leonardo da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux (Springer 2007) is based on his studies of this collection. Moon is currently completing the 2nd edition of his textbook Applied Dynamics (Wiley, 2008)
Sculpture has been one of Moon’s passions and he has taught a course in Kinetic Sculpture for engineers and artists for the five years. Francis Moon has been married to his wife Lee for 45 years, has three daughters and has been blessed with eight grandchildren.
MSNDC Plenary Lecture 2
(Francis C. Moon)
Title: The Dynamics of Machines: from Kinematics to Chaos;
A Historical Review and Future Prospects
Thursday, September 6, 2007, 8:30 – 10:00 AM, Amazon IJ
Abstract: As we enter the new age of robotic and intelligent machines, it is useful to review the historical role of dynamics in the invention and creation of machines. In this lecture we review the dynamical ideas, constructs and principles of importance to machine designers from the Greek mechanicians to Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance engineers and finally to the machine age of the kinematicist Franz Reuleaux 19th and machine dynamicists of the early 20th century. One of the themes of this lecture is the time lag between mathematical analysis in dynamics and its application to the design of machines. This was especially true in the 19th century that did not see significant use of applied dynamics until the early works of Timoshenko and other Russian mechanicians as well as Den Hartog. We also review the role of nonlinear dynamics and stability analysis in machines from Maxwell’s analysis of steam engine regulators and early stability analyses of the first aircraft to the modern role of chaotic dynamics in understanding the origins of machine noise. As with the evolution of machine artifacts over many centuries, we propose an evolution model for the equations of motion for machine dynamics.
Finally we look to the future of machine invention and the role of dynamics and control. We can see in the work of younger machine and robotics inventors’ new mathematical techniques and algorithms that will change the way the dynamical aspects of machine design in the future are treated. These methods, in contrast to current ODE and PDE dynamical models, are based on optimization methodology, evolutionary computation theories in computer science and artificial intelligence, and promise to produce methods in which the machine of the future will be designed and produced by other new intelligent machine systems.
[This lecture is based in part on the Author’s new book: The Machines of Leonardo da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux, as part of a new book series by Springer 2007 on the History of Machines and Mechanism Science.
2005 D'Alemberti Award: Thomas R. Kane
Professor Thomas R. Kane was born in Austria in 1924 and emigrated to the United States in 1938. After serving as a combat photographer in the South Pacific from 1943-45, he enrolled at Columbia University where he later received four degrees: a B.S. in Mathematics, a B.S. and M.S. in Civil Engineering, and a PhD. in Applied Mechanics.
After graduating, Professor Kane spent the next 45 years teaching at the University of Pennsylvania and Stanford University, and giving lectures, seminars, and conferences in several languages around the world. Professor Kane has served the scientific and engineering communities as a researcher, mentor to multiple generations of practitioners, scientists and educators, and through his impassioned promotion of the field.
He has published 10 textbooks and 172 technical papers that include seminal works in spacecraft dynamics, biomechanics, and modern computational dynamics. Due to his many contributions Professor Kane is widely acknowledged as one of the world’s preeminent motion expert and the author of modern dynamics theory (often referred to as "Kane Method").
Professor Kane has been instrumental in the development of Autolev, the symbolic multibody systems simulation program, providing technical leadership and vast amounts of documentation. Currently Professor Kane is a Professor Emeritus of the Mechanics and Computation Division of Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University. He is also the President of Kane Dynamics, Inc. a consulting company that specializes in providing motion expertise to the biomechanical, legal and defense industries.
Since joining OnLine Dynamics in 1988, Professor Kane has pioneered the effort to bring symbolic manipulation to the engineering classroom. He has generously shared his motion simulation knowledge with three new (1999) textbooks that successfully integrate symbolic manipulation into the undergraduate and graduate statics/dynamics classroom.
2005 Lyapunov Award: Ali H. Nayfeh
Dr. Nayfeh is a University Distinguished Professor of Engineering at Virginia Tech since 1976. He is a world-leading expert in nonlinear dynamics.
He has eight published books, two books available for download from the Internet including:
- PERTURBATION METHODS, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1973; Russian Translation, Mir Publishers of Moscow, USSR, 1976
- NONLINEAR OSCILLATIONS, with D. T. Mook, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1979
- INTRODUCTION TO PERTURBATION TECHNIQUES, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1981, Russian Translation, Mir Publishers of Moscow, USSR, 1984
- PROBLEMS IN PERTURBATION, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985
- METHOD OF NORMAL FORMS, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1993
- APPLIED NONLINEAR DYNAMICS, with B. Balachandran, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1995
- PERTURBATION METHODS WITH MAPLE, with C-M. Chin, Dynamic Press, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1999, http://www.esm.vt.edu/~anayfeh/
- PERTURBATION METHODS WITH MATHEMATICS, with C-M. Chin, Dynamic Press, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1999, http://www.esm.vt.edu/~anayfeh/
- NONLINEAR INTERACTIONS, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2000
- LINEAR AND NONLINEAR STRUCTURAL MECHANICS, with P. F. Pai, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2004
He is currently working on NONLINEAR ANALYSIS OF SWITCHING POWER CONVERTERS, with S.K. Mazumder, Springer, 2006; He has 400+ articles in peer-reviewed archival journals, 37 book chapters, 550 presentations at national and international meetings, 66 Ph. D’s graduated through his programs, and demonstrable leadership in and service to the scientific community.
He obtained his BS in 1962, MS in 1963, and PhD in 1964 from Stanford University, all in five years. He holds honorary doctorates from the Marine Technical University, Saint Petersburg, Russia (1996), and the Technical University of Munich, Germany (1999). He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Academy of Mechanics.
He received the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Pendray Aerospace Literature Award (For seminal contributions to perturbation methods, nonlinear dynamics, acoustics, and boundary-layer transition; praiseworthy for their quality relevance, timeliness, and lasting influence on the aerospace community.) in 1995 and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers J. P. Den Hartog Award (Presented in recognition of lifetime contributions to the teaching and practice of vibration engineering.) in 1997; Honorary Doctorate, St. Petersburg University, Russia, 1996; Frank J. Maher Award for Excellence in Engineering Education, 1997; College of Engineering Dean's Award for Excellence in Research, 1998; Honorary Doctorate, Technical University of Munich, Germany, 1999; S. K. Mazumder, A. H. Nayfeh, and D. Borojevic, "A Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of the Fast- and Slow-Scale Instabilities of a DC-DC Converter," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2001, pp. 201-216, winner of the IEEE Power Electronics Society Transactions Prize Paper Award for 2001; Honorary Doctorate, Politechnika Szczecinska, Poland, May 2004; ASME Lyapunov Award, first recipient of newly established and prestigious award, presented for lifelong contributions to the field of nonlinear dynamics, 2005; Virginia Life Achievement in Science Award, 2005; and Gold Medal of Honor of the Academy of Trans-disciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies, for unusual accomplishment in trans-disciplinary education and research, public service, and other allied pursuits beneficial to design and process science, 2007. He is the Editor of the Wiley Book Series on Nonlinear Science and the Editor-in-Chief of Nonlinear Dynamics and Journal of Vibration and Control.